November 15, 2013
Politics and Foreign Policy:
Kengash of Uzbekistan’s Senate Convenes for Session
The Uzbek-Latvian Business Forum
Power from Sunbeams
Women's Health Protection
Law enforcement agencies and self-government bodies' cooperation in human rights protection
POLICY and FOREIGN POLICY
KENGASH OF UZBEKISTAN’S SENATE CONVENES FOR SESSION
The Kengash (Council) of the Senate of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan convened for a session on November 14, 2013.
The meeting was led by the Chairman of the Senate Ilgizar Sobirov.
The Kengash adopted a resolution to hold the thirteenth general session of the Senate of Uzbekistan’s Oliy Majlis on December 12-13 this year in the city of Tashkent.
The Senate’s forthcoming general session agenda is to include deliberations on the State Budget of the Republic of Uzbekistan for the year 2014 and the Program to Create Jobs and Secure Employment of Population for the year 2014 that envisage the further elevation in the living standards of the population and the consolidation of social security as well as high and sustainable growth rates in the national economy.
A range of bills are due to be introduced into the agenda of the upcoming general session. The laws are directed at the steadfast transformation and liberalization of all spheres in the political and socio-economic life. Among the laws to be discussed are those “On the Approval of the Budget Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, “On the Environmental Scrutiny” and “On Guardianship and Trusteeship” that envision to further systematize and codify the entire budget process, to uplift the effectiveness in the nature protection activities, to perfect the normative mechanisms in the protection of rights and legitimate interests of individuals in need of guardianship and trusteeship. The law “On the Introduction of Amendments and Addenda to Some Legislative Acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan” as well as a range of other laws are due to be discussed during the session.
Other issues within the powers of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan are to be addressed along with those abovementioned.
The Kengash has established a working group to coordinate the work of committees and the executive apparatus of the Senate in the preparations for the thirteenth general session.
(Source: Press Service of the Senate Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
THE UZBEK-LATVIAN BUSINESS FORUM
A business forum for entrepreneurs from Uzbekistan and Latvia took place November 13 in Tashkent’s International Business Center.
It was organized by the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations, Investments and Trade of the Republic of Uzbekistan with a purpose of further expanding the Uzbek-Latvian trade-economic and investment cooperation. It was attended by heads of ministries and other government agencies, companies and corporations of the two countries responsible for foreign economic ties, trade, investments, transport and transport communications, logistics, banking and finance, education, food industry, tourism, pharmaceuticals and textile industry.
At the forum, the Minister of Foreign Economic Relations, Investments and Trade of the Republic of Uzbekistan Elyor Ganiev emphasized that the cooperation between Uzbekistan and Latvia has been advancing dynamically across all spheres of life. The agreements reached during summit meetings of the heads of our two states serve as important normative foundation for this interaction. President Islam Karimov’s October 2013 visit to the Republic of Latvia helped enrich the relations between the two nations with new substance and raise them to a qualitatively new level.
The cooperation between Uzbekistan and Latvia has a robust normative basis. Agreements have been inked between the two sides on collaboration in a number of areas like commerce and industry, investments, transport and communications, tourism, standardization, science and education. The most favorable nation regime operates between Uzbekistan and Latvia in trade, economic and manufacturing sectors.
Our two countries wield a tremendous potential in the development of trade and economic bonds. The volume of mutual trade has been expanding steadily. The turnover grew by nearly 20 percent in 2012 to exceed 246 million US dollars, while in January-June 2013 it reached 126 million US dollars. 22 joint ventures established with the participation of Latvian investments operate currently in Uzbekistan. And more than forty enterprises created in partnership with companies from our country function in Latvia. They specialize in such sectors as manufacturing furniture, confectionaries, textile industry, oil reprocessing, publishing, logistics, wholesale trade and services. Representative offices of ten leading companies from Latvia are open in our country.
Uzbekistan supplies Latvia with high quality cotton fiber, motor oils, pharmaceutical produce and other types of goods. Latvia exports to Uzbekistan equipment, vehicles, plastics, and offers logistical services.
“This business forum offers a fine opportunity for the consolidation of practical interaction among the businesspeople from the two nations,” said the Minister of Transport of the Republic of Latvia Anrijs Matiss. “A range of documents signed during President Islam Karimov’s state visit to the Republic of Latvia in October 2013 concerning the spheres of transport and cargo transit, expansion of commercial ties, environmental protection serves as an important factor for bolstering the mutually advantageous partnership. Our countries have an immense potential in the advancement of cooperation in such areas as transport, transit shipping and air shipping.”
The Latvian business people were informed during the forum on the most critical dimensions in the attraction of investments to our country’s economy. The guests were familiarized in detail about the outcomes of reforms designed to boost small business and private entrepreneurship, the created conditions in the Navoi Free Industrial and Economic Zone and the Angren Special Industrial Zone.
The forum also served as a platform to discuss issues pertinent to the further development of cooperation between our two nations in trade, economy, investments, transport and logistics, railway transport, textile and food industries, extensive drawing of Latvian companies into the process of privatization in our country.
The event included also a cooperation exchange with the participation of a range of companies and enterprises of Uzbekistan and business people from Latvia. The Latvian entrepreneurs reached a deal at the event with their Uzbek colleagues on the implementation of mutually advantageous projects.
(Source: UzA news agency)
POWER FROM SUNBEAMS
Uzbekistan wields significant capacities for the development of alternative sources of energy, especially in the use of solar energy. Our land enjoys nearly 300 sunny days a year. The annual potential of Uzbekistan’s solar power makes up 50 billion and 973 million tons in oil equivalent.
A special significance is attached under the leadership of President Islam Karimov to boosting the energy independence of our country, promotion of the rational use of power sources, and the introduction of environmentally clean technologies. In accordance with the Decree of the head of our state “On Measures to Encourage the Alternative Sources of Energy” signed 1 March 2013, wide-ranging efforts are underway to enhance the use of alternative energy and support the research works in progress in the energy sector.
The effects of such an intensive attention and encouragement can be seen also in the activities of the Tashkent-based limited liability company Solar Energy Products.
Cutting-edge equipment was installed at the enterprise in February 2013 to be able to manufacture solar panels with a capacity of 4 megawatt per annum. Currently, more than ten types of goods are being produced with the help of this line that works on solar energy. They include a photo-electric system to enlighten streets and facilities, to lift water from wells with depth of down to 100 meters, a photo-electric equipment to produce electric and heat energy, an autonomous multifunctional mobile photo-electric system for emergency power supply, and solar rechargers for charging technical machinery with a capacity of 2-50 watt.
“The goods of our enterprise are produced on the technology invented by the Physics-Technical Institute of the “Physics-Sun” scientific-production association of Uzbekistan’s Academy of Sciences,” Ibragim Gulamov, director of the Solar Energy Products, says. “This technology takes into account all the climatic peculiarities of Uzbekistan. Thus, foreign-produced solar panels do not envisage the capacity of efficient work in extreme conditions of the continental climate in Uzbekistan. The domestic produce is capable of working regularly under temperatures of -20 degrees C up to +80 degrees C.”
The goods are produced at the enterprise in accordance with technical requirements fixed by the Uzstandart agency, and there are no other permits needed for its operation. On the order of the customer, the company manufactures solar panels of any capacity. All the products have a 20 years warranty. In addition, the company undertakes free servicing during that span of time.
The goods offered by the Solar Energy Products are manufactured in the form of photo-electric batteries and photo-electric devices of diverse capacities, outfitted with invertors, rechargeable batteries and other components. Solar elements with a high coefficient of performance, a modern element base of electronic blocks and systems of accumulating the electric power are used in the production of goods mentioned above. To minimize the prices, the designing and production of photo-electric devices is carried out with an eye to concrete technical requests outlined by the customer.
“This year we have fulfilled the first state order,” says the chief engineer of the enterprise Elmurod Abdullaev. “The solar panels produced in our company were installed for the first time on standard-design houses built on individual projects in the Namangan district. Each solar panel installed on the roof of buildings provides for lighting inside the building along with the operation of home appliances. The capacity of device is 1.7 kilowatt per 24 hours. The majority of our customers are private home owners and farming enterprises, which use solar batteries for lighting the houses, country cottage, lands, as well as to run home appliances of minor capacity such as TV and personal computer. The interest has lately been growing also among corporate customers who are willing to use our products in business purposes.”
In supplying remote districts with power, the energy expenses and the likelihood of technical failures are known to grow. In such circumstances, rather effective are the separately functioning, local sources of energy. Thus, the goods of the Solar Energy Products is widely used in rural medical units, farming enterprises, community services points and private homes located far from centralized power supply systems. This allows one to supply the population uninterruptedly with electric and heat energy and save natural resources.
Notably, the integrated photoelectric equipment manufactured by the enterprise allows extracting simultaneously 170 watt of electric power as well as 20 liters of hot water an hour with a temperature of up to 60 degrees C. Such a device for lifting water is rather convenient for residents of areas suffering from insufficiency of water. This equipment has been supplied in 2013 to a number of farming enterprises in the Ferghana Valley and Kashkadarya region.
“A solar panel was installed in the courtyard of our house this past spring,” shares Eshmurod Hamdamov, resident of Sariasiya district in Surkhandarya region. “We enjoy an uninterrupted supply of electric power ever since. Such equipment is advantageous for every family. It is convenient in use and does not inflict harm on the environment.”
Solar Energy Products Ltd. also undertakes academic cooperation with professional colleges. Last September, the company installed its photoelectric station with a capacity to produce 10 kilowatt of electric power a day at the Tashkent Construction and Community College. This station provides the PC hall with environmentally clean electric energy. And now, training courses on the installation and technical servicing of solar photoelectric stations are projected to be organized at this professional college by the Solar Energy Products in cooperation with the Physics and Technical Institute.
Such consistent endeavors serve for an even more efficient use of our country’s alternative energy capacities and the further development of economy with a growing wellbeing of people.
(Source: UzA news agency)
WOMEN'S HEALTH PROTECTION
American experts will conduct master-classes in Uzbekistan, this week, on prevention one of the main woman’s disease.
The event will be held in the National Specialized Scientific and Practical Obstetrics and Gynecology Center and in the National Center of Pathological Anatomy. The master-classes are part of the measures implemented in the country to prevent cervical cancer. Leading experts from medical universities of Minnesota, New Mexico, Michigan and other U.S. medical facilities will visit Tashkent to share their experience with Uzbek colleagues.
A huge work to beat cervix cancer in Uzbekistan unfolded in 2009 as part of a large-scale campaign aimed at improving maternal and child health. Several pilot centers for cervical cancer screening have been opened in Tashkent, Andijan, Navoi and Nukus under the leading maternity hospitals of the country. Today, experts come out with a proposal to establish such screening centers in other parts of the country too.
With the opening of these centers, the professional level of cervical cancer specialists of the country rose significantly. These specialists regularly attend master-classes and training seminars run by foreign experts. Thanks to the centers’ active work, the number of women who regularly pass checkups and medical consultations is growing rapidly. First vaccination against human papilloma virus, which is the main cause of cervical cancer, has been organized in Uzbekistan also on the basis of these centers as a pilot project.
- Being the coach of the master class, I noticed that Uzbek specialists are high professionals. During their work they apply the most modern methods of diagnosis, prevention and treatment, - said M.D. Nancy Elaine Jost from the New Mexico Medical University. – The last exchange of experiences was very useful for both sides and I think that our cooperation will definitely continue in the future.
- Undoubtedly, the current master classes will not go without leaving a trace in the country’s ongoing large-scale work to reduce maternal mortality. The efforts are aimed at improving the early detection of cervical cancer, at the stage when the disease is still can be cured, - said the chief obstetrician-gynecologist of the Ministry of Health of Uzbekistan Saidazam Sultanov.
(Source: Uzbekistan today newspaper)
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES AND SELF-GOVERNMENT BODIES' COOPERATION IN HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION
Ministries of Justice and Internal Affairs of Uzbekistan jointly with the Tashkent State University and Samarkand Regional Justice Department organized a scientific-practical conference on: "Interaction of law enforcement agencies and self-government bodies in the field of human rights".
The conference was attended by representatives of the Ministries of Justice, Internal Affairs of Uzbekistan, Tashkent State Law University, Samarkand Regional Prosecutor's Office, the regional departments of justice and internal affairs, local self-government bodies, and the media.
The aim of the conference is to develop a scientific and practical suggestions and relevant recommendations to further improve the protection of human rights in the process of liberalization of the judicial system in the country and further deepening of democratic reforms, improve the cooperation of law enforcement bodies, in particular , prosecutor’s offices, justice, internal affairs departments, as well as self-government bodies in the protection of human rights in the country and ensure their legitimate interests.
During the event were heard reports on cooperation of law enforcement bodies with self-government bodies in the protection of human rights, new prospects of cooperation and other issues. In addition, the issues of further development of cooperation between law enforcement agencies with the general public in the process of improving the judicial system and further deepening of democratic reforms in Uzbekistan were also comprehensively discussed.
In the report of the Head of State of November 12, 2010 at the joint meeting of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan it was stated that "large-scale tasks in modernization of the system of political, economic, legal and public relations, in the formation of civil society, the protection of human rights and freedoms imply further democratization of the judicial system.
Taking into account the current political and legal realities, it is important to develop a program aimed at improving and promotion of legal education in the society. Implementation of this program is to ensure the formation of respect for human rights and freedoms, law-abiding behavior.