October 04, 2013
Politics and Foreign Policy:
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan received the new Ambassador of France
Working group of Legislative Chamber considers draft law “On guardianship and custody”
New Horizons of National Auto Industry
Tashkent and Shanghai are ready to sign a memorandum of cooperation for 2014-2016
Central Asian Industrial Week 2013 to be held on 8-10 October
Tashkent hosted seminar-training on antimonopoly regulation of financial markets
Another 15 Mercedes-Benz buses delivered to Tashkent
Agrarian Universities of Uzbekistan and Russia signed an agreement on cooperation
Uzbekistan to establish employment services for persons with disabilities
Members of Council of young generation met with deputies of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis
Dialogue between the State and Society should be effective
In 2013, mahallas in Uzbekistan organized about 46 thousand events for young generation
POLICY and FOREIGN POLICY
MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF UZBEKISTAN RECEIVED THE NEW AMBASSADOR OF FRANCE
On October 4, 2013 Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan Abdulaziz Kamilov met with the newly appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the French Republic, Jacques-Henry HEULS.
The Minister received a copy of his credentials.
During the meeting, the sides discussed the basic issues of bilateral relations, including in the format Uzbekistan - EU.
The sides noted with satisfaction the positive trend of the Uzbek-French cooperation, especially in trade, economic and investment spheres, highlighting the considerable potential for further cooperation.
Currently joint projects are being successfully implemented with the French Development Agency for a total of around $350 million, as well as with a number of leading companies in their fields, such as Oberthur Technologies, Cerinnov, Comau France and Geismar.
The meeting also focused on specific international and regional issues.
WORKING GROUP OF LEGISLATIVE CHAMBER CONSIDERS DRAFT LAW “ON GUARDIANSHIP AND CUSTODY”
Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan hosted a session of the working group on preparation of the draft laws “On guardianship and custody” and the draft law “On introduction of changes and amendments to some legislative acts of Uzbekistan in connection with adoption of the law “On guardianship and custody” to the second reading.
Representatives of ministries and departments, public organizations, teachers, scholars and experts, as well as mass media participated at the session, which was organized by the Committee of Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan on democratic institutes, nongovernmental organizations and self-governing bodies.
The document will regulate issues related to guardianship and custody, and mechanism of their regulation. The Family Code of Uzbekistan do not clarifies persons, who declared legally incapable or limited capable, able-bodied adults and persons in need of guardianship and custody on health grounds.
The draft law “On guardianship and custody” will regulate issues on guardianship and custody and will help to modernize guardianship and custody in Uzbekistan, improve mechanisms of guardianship and custody, protect rights and interests of all categories of the life, who need guardianship and custody.
The group also discussed a draft law “On introduction of changes and amendments to some legislative acts of Uzbekistan in connection with adoption of the law “On guardianship and custody”.
It should be noted that the legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan stipulates that "orphan" is a person whose (both parents) parents have died or found dead in line with a decision of the court, and in need of social protection.
However, in legal practice it is not defined social status of the deceased children of single mothers. However, number of orphans, left after death of their single mothers, makes up one third of the children recognized as orphans. They also need social protection as well as children who have lost both parents.
It was noted that the draft law “On guardianship and custody” reflects both national and international experience in protection of people, who need guardianship and custody. The norms of the draft law should be reflected in existing legislation as well.
The session of the working group discussed proposals and recommendation on further improving legislative document.
NEW HORIZONS OF NATIONAL AUTO INDUSTRY
The automotive industry of Uzbekistan is known far beyond the borders of the country. Hundreds of thousands of vehicles under the brand “Made in Uzbekistan” go all over in dozens of countries around the world, demonstrating the capacity and efficiency of the national economy.
Success of development of any economy can be fairly easy to estimate the volume of exports and it is only a modern and energy-efficient power can make products competitive in a global market. The domestic automotive industry is an example of how to successfully combine foreign technology and equipment with the local talent and raw potential. Of course, when in 1994, in Asaka, a construction of the first automobile factory in the region commenced, many experts expressed doubts about the feasibility of this project, as a young independent country, Uzbekistan had almost had experience in this area, not to mention the respective frames. Since that time, the years have proved skeptics that their doubts were unfounded, and the Uzbek cars quickly moved into the global motor car society.
These successes have been achieved largely due to the constant desire not to stand still, and implement new projects, following the advance of global trends. Now the motor car industry of Uzbekistan is also under implementation or preparation of a number of major projects that will provide him the dynamic development in the future. So, for example, attention is paid to bus manufacturing projects. The Samarkand Automobile Factory has released a low-floor bus proprietary SAMAUTO LE 60, which is now being tested in the capital’s public transport routes. In the future, these buses will not only compete with the factory-produced Isuzu, but also imported from abroad, Mercedes-Benz Conecto Low Floor, they are intended for standard EURO-4 and include, among other things, modern equipment, motors, a world renowned manufacturer Cummins.
Not so long ago, one of the leading Chinese manufacturers - Golden Dragon Company is interest in production of buses in Uzbekistan. The company’s delegation visited Uzbekistan. China is willing to create a production facility for the assembly of the European quality coaches. The company has “huge plans” – both to cover a huge domestic demand for comfortable tourist buses and also take a prominent niche in the CIS markets. The first step in bilateral cooperation should be to organize the supply of Chinese buses for tourist companies of Khorazm region.
Late last year, a delegation of the Russian company GAZ Group visited the capital. Its representatives also indicated their interest in the Uzbek market and the creation in the Republic of an assembly plant based on the chassis of GAZel van.
The domestic auto industry is not far from foreign manufacturers. In the same Khorazm region, a domestic production of Damas minivans will start in the first quarter of 2014. The project will be implemented in two stages - in the beginning of 2014 will start an assemble of the model, and at the end of the year – a full production cycle.
In January-June this year, Uzbekistan produced more than 145,000 vehicles with an increase of 11.2 % compared to the same period last year. Production of buses increased by 28.5%, trucks - by 97.5%, specialty cars - by 47.6%, passenger cars - by 10.4 %.
(Source: “Uzbekistan Today” newspaper) TASHKENT AND SHANGHAI ARE READY TO SIGN A MEMORANDUM OF COOPERATION FOR 2014-2016
The delegation of Tashkent city visited the city of Shanghai on a business trip, during which meetings with representatives of various departments, trade and industrial companies, as well as institutions of higher education in China were held.
The sides discussed issues of cooperation in the field of architecture and construction, transportation and communications, urban greening and landscaping, housing and communal services, collection of waste and water treatment, reports Jahon news agency.
The members of the Uzbek delegation made a presentation on the economic and investment opportunities in Tashkent, the prospects for the deepening of relations between the two sister cities in the cultural and other sectors.
As stated the vice-chairman of the Shanghai Committee of the Chinese Committee on assistance in the promotion of international trade and investment, Wang Lie, the state visit of the President Xi Jinping in Uzbekistan was successful, fruitful and gave a strong impetus to bilateral investment cooperation.
He stated that Shanghai, as one of the leaders of Chinese Economy and Trade, will support the introduction of innovative technologies and can support local companies looking for long-term investment projects in Uzbekistan. Wang Lie included textile industry, building materials, fish farming as priority areas of cooperation.
Vice-chairman of the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce Wang Zhi Xiong appraised the economic, industrial and investment potential of Uzbekistan, as well as the country's macro-economic reform and an impressive GDP.
He believes that the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation signed by the Heads of China and Uzbekistan and the Joint Declaration on the further development and deepening of bilateral strategic partnership will ensure the friendship of like-minded people for many years to come.
- “At the same time, the willingness of Tashkent and Shanghai to sign a memorandum of cooperation for 2014-2016 is the logical outcome of joint efforts to deepen and enhance the fraternity and developing all possible areas of partnership, - he added. - From the moment in 1994 when the two cities became sister cities, they maintain fruitful cooperation in such areas as business and trade, urban management and development, culture, education, sports and health”.
During the visit, a solemn ceremony of setting the "foundation stone" in the courtyard of the Shanghai University was held. There, a monument to Alisher Navoi will be erected.
Assistant rector of Shanghai University, Director of the Research Institute for Public Diplomacy of the SCO Lee Wei expressed his happiness about the perpetuation of the memory of the great Uzbek poet and statesman on the territory of the university.
- “Installation of the monument to Alisher Navoi will symbolize the long history of cultural and humanitarian exchanges and friendship between the two peoples, - he said. - I also want to note that in our University the Center for Research and educational exchanges with Uzbekistan was opened. In addition, a Memorandum of Mutual Understanding with the Tashkent State Economic University and the Tashkent State Institute of Oriental Studies was signed.
CENTRAL ASIAN INDUSTRIAL WEEK 2013 TO BE HELD ON 8-10 OCTOBER
Main international forum of industrialists of Central Asia – Central Asian Industrial Week – will be held in Tashkent from 8 to 10 October 2013.
The Central Asian Industrial Week will bring together giants of the industrial sector from Central Asia, the CIS, Europe and Asia, providing a venue for business-to-business interaction.
Central Asian International Industrial Week includes three international exhibitions: MiningWorld Uzbekistan 2013, the 8th international mining exhibition, Machinery Central Asia 2013, the 6th international metallurgy and machine building exhibition and CIPS 2013, the 7th Central Asian international protection, security and fire safety exhibition.
Around 70 major companies from 14 countries will come together at the three events, exhibiting in Pavilion 1, the Atrium Hall, and in the open-air space of Uzexpocentre. 40 exhibitors are making their first appearance at the event.
Exhibitors will represent Germany, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, China, Latvia, New Zealand, Poland, Belarus, Russia, Singapore, Uzbekistan, Ukraine and France.
A Belarusian national group, supported by the country’s government will include solid participation by the country’s companies in Machinery Central Asia and CIPS 2013. A presentation of the country’s industrial potential will also take place as part of Central Asian International Industrial Week. A whole range of companies will talk about their work and showcase their products at their stands, allowing every visitor to discover what is on display, hold negotiations and discuss cooperation at one place and at one time.
MiningWorld Uzbekistan2013 features even more world-famous exhibiting companies – both regular participants and those presenting their innovative developments, ready-to-use products, machinery and equipment for the first time. These newcomers include CFT (Germany), AMS Industrial Group (Iran), Henan Hongxing Mining Machinery (China), Aveti Biznes (Uzbekistan) and Aramine (France), exhibiting alongside many other manufacturers of mining, crushing and screening, drilling and conveyer equipment, mining and quarrying vehicles, ventilation pipes, parts, and other equipment related to the exhibition’s focus. There is also participation from Uzbekistani producers and local offices of major companies, including Sandvik Mining and Construction – the leading producer of metalworking tools and developer of technology for manufacturing the latest mining and construction equipment.
Machinery Central Asia 2013 will add to the mining equipment on display. Showing 50% growth this year, the show is recognised as the best venue in Central Asia for showcasing the latest technological achievements in machine building and industrial engineering. The exhibition will boost Central Asian Industrial Week with a wide range of machine tools, equipment, parts, self-centring lathe chucks, forging equipment, automatic lines and assembly lines for part manufacture, machinery sets ad new tools for manufacturing floors, pipes and grit, metal cutting tools, and many more crucial products for metallurgy, engineering and machine tool building.
The show’s 18 newcomers include Gertnergroup (Germany), Guhring (Germany), OSG Asia (Singapore), Leotec Group (Russia) and Magnitogorsk Iron & Steel Works (Russia).
Security and fire safety for industrial, as well as general facilities, will again come under the spotlight at CIPS 2013. A wide range of equipment and new approaches for security will be presented by companies including Belspetsvneshtechnika (Belarus), AlMADK (Kazakhstan), RegulaBaltica (Latvia), Vargashi Fire and Special Equipment Factory (Russia) and SPP Vinlad (Uzbekistan). Exhibitors also include well-known producers of modern telecoms systems, radiation detection devices, gas masks, devices for verifying document authenticity, fire engines and fire engine ladders, special-purpose vehicles, explosion protection, fire extinguishing equipment, industrial safety equipment, monitoring and alarm systems for fire and smoke, and integrated security equipment.
With three industrial-themed exhibitions at one venue, Central Asian Industrial Week will allow its participants to make the best use of the event’s business atmosphere to expand business contacts with professionals from related industries.
The Government of Uzbekistan is investing approximately $30.075 billion into industrial development. This was provided for in a decree from the President of Uzbekistan, on the basis of which the programme of priorities for the development of industry in the Republic of Uzbekistan for 2011-2015 was approved. The document includes 158 investment projects, with a total preliminary cost of $10.98 billion, in various industrial sectors.
The accelerated replacement of obsolete industrial equipment is attracting much attention. 16,678 pieces of equipment will have been upgraded between 2012 and 2014, at a total cost of $1.127 billion. Within this programme, $104.1 million was spent in the first half of 2013 on replacing1, 721 pieces of unusable, obsolete and worn out equipment.
Upgrading the industrial stock requires solid investment, and it will be impossible without the latest technology and equipment, close cooperation between professionals in various industrial sectors, and sharing of experience and information between producers and suppliers of machinery and materials. This was one of the reasons for organising a comprehensive display of the latest products in key industries at one event – at the same place and at the same time.
TASHKENT HOSTED SEMINAR-TRAINING ON ANTIMONOPOLY REGULATION OF FINANCIAL MARKETS
On October 2, 2013 in the Republican Business School was held a training seminar to highlight the essence of the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers ? 230 "On measures of improvement of antimonopoly regulation of commodity and financial markets", adopted on 20 August 2013.
The seminar was attended by representatives from State Committee on Competition, the Central Bank, ministries and agencies, commercial banks, leasing and insurance companies, and other financial institutions.
The seminar discussed the procedure for identifying coordinated actions and transactions that restrict competition, revealing high and low monopoly prices in the financial markets, as well as the dominant position in the financial market.
In addition, they discussed important issues such as the maintenance of the National Register of economic entities with dominant position in the commodity or financial markets, the order of forced separation or isolation of business entities and other issues regarding the regulation of financial markets.
Seminar participants exchanged views and expressed their willingness for further cooperation in this field.
According to the approved schedule, in October-November this year, it is planned to hold similar seminars in the regions of Uzbekistan.
ANOTHER 15 MERCEDES-BENZ BUSES DELIVERED TO TASHKENT
EvoBus GmbH (Germany) delivered the fourth party of city passenger buses of Mercedes-Benz Conecto Low Floor model to Tashkent city in early October 2013.
Toshshahartranshizmat Association said that the German company delivered 15 buses of Mercedes-Benz Conecto Low Floor model to Tashkent.
As reported earlier, EvoBus GmbH delivered 61 buses of Mercedes-Benz Conecto Low Floor to Tashkent in August-September 2013. Other 24 buses will be delivered in October 2013.
According to the Toshshahartranshizmat Association, it is planning to buy 600 buses of Isuzu buses, produced at Samarkand Automobile Plant, and 20 trams in 2014-2015.
Within two years, Toshshahartranshizmat Association will buy 100 buses of Mercedes-Benz each year.
Toshshahartranshizmat Association and EvoBus GmbH (Germany) signed an agreement for supply of 100 city passenger buses of Mercedes-Benz Conecto Low Floor model to Tashkent city, spare parts and diagnostic tools for them in 2013.
The cost of the deal is 14 million euros, of which 13.75 million euros will be used to purchase buses and 250,000 euros for spare parts.
The resolution of the Government of Uzbekistan said that the Fund for Reconstruction and Development of Uzbekistan (FRDU) will fully finance the agreement. The FRDU will issue loan for 15 years with three-year grace period.
Interest rate on loan set at 0.5% APR and 0.25% APR – margin of refinancing bank – Uzpromstroybank.
AGRARIAN UNIVERSITIES OF UZBEKISTAN AND RUSSIA SIGNED AN AGREEMENT ON COOPERATION
Tashkent State Agrarian University has signed a cooperation agreement with the Dagestan State Agrarian University. The agreement, along with the student exchange, suggests scientific cooperation between the two universities, including the organization of joint seminars, lectures, publishing articles in academic journals, etc.
The delegation of the Dagestan State Agrarian University named after M. Djambulatov headed by the rector of the university Zaidin Djambulatov recently visited the Republic of Uzbekistan. As part of their visit was the participation in FoodWeek Uzbekistan 2013 - 18th Annual International Exhibition of food products and beverages, food processing, packaging and agriculture, reports RIA Dagestan. The University exhibits included products of departments of merchandise and goods examination, technologies of storage, processing and certification of agricultural products, processing of animal products, feeding, breeding and genetics of farm animals. These are dried fruits, dried berries, grapes, jams and marmalades, diet jellies of different fruits and berries, liquors, wines, food supplements, sausages, etc.
The exhibition aroused great interest among Uzbek manufacturers, especially on the primary processing of fruits and berries, production of churchkhela, marmalade and dietary supplements.
The delegation visited the Tashkent State Agrarian University and met the rector - Doctor of Agricultural Sciences Nurmatov Sh. The sides discussed the study opportunities for Uzbek students in Dagestan State Agrarian University.
Representatives of the university also visited the Uzbek Research Institute of Horticulture, Viticulture and Winemaking named after R. Schroeder. This research and production institute is the oldest agricultural research institute not only in Uzbekistan, but also in whole Central Asia.
UZBEKISTAN TO ESTABLISH EMPLOYMENT SERVICES FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
The seminar “Current issues on increasing of social importance of projects, ensuring the effectiveness and targeted use of grant funds” started its work on 3 October 2013.
Representatives of 93 NGOs and other civil society institutions, who won grants in the last contests of the Public Fund under the Oliy Majlis participated at the event. We would like to highlight the fact that, during the event the Public Fund under the Oliy Majlis and UNDP signed a memorandum of understanding on future joint activities.
During the official part of the event a signing ceremony of Memorandum of understanding and plan of joint activities between the Public Fund under the Oliy Majlis and UNDP was conducted.
The memorandum establishes implementation of the Services in the regions to promote employment for persons with disabilities on the basis of NGOs funded by the state social order.
Service model was created and tested on the basis of the Disabled Society of Pastdargom district of Samarkand region under the previous grant contest for creation of social services carried out jointly with UNDP.
Mr. Stefan Priesner, UN Resident Coordinator, UNDP Resident Representative in Uzbekistan, said: “Over the years, UNDP has cooperating with NGOs in Uzbekistan, including both large republican and small regional NGOs. The Public Fund for Support of NGOs and other civil society institutions under the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan - one of our most important partners who plays a crucial role in creating an enabling environment for the CSO.”
“Together, we have implemented a variety of activities and now formalizing our plans for the future which are associated with an increase in the capacity of NGOs and the further development of social partnership between government and civil society organizations. One of the most effective mechanisms to involve NGOs’ capacity in implementation of priority socioeconomic tasks is delivering of social orders from the state authorities,” he said
Abdujalil Turaev, Director of the Public Fund For Support of NGOs and other Institutions of Civil Society under Oliy Majlis of The Republic of Uzbekistan, noted: “In 2012, our fund, in cooperation with UNDP, SISF, the Fund Forum and the Mahalla Foundation conducted a grant contest for involvement of NGOs in provision of social services". According to the results of the contest the social services that have demonstrated their effectiveness have been created. Today you became witnesses of the next big step in the social services development. Signed Memorandum with UNDP in Uzbekistan is aimed at implementation of programs and projects, attraction of resources on support of socially significant projects, stimulation of development of institutes of civil society”.
“All partners, including the UNDP, SISF and Public Fund will participate in development of the concept of allocation of the social order, selection of NGOs and financing of the social order. Our experts will jointly travel for monitoring of social orders implementation by Social Services,” he said.
MEMBERS OF COUNCIL OF YOUNG GENERATION MET WITH DEPUTIES OF THE LEGISLATIVE CHAMBER OF OLIY MAJLIS
Twenty-eight teenagers - leaders from all regions of the country - members of the "Yangi avlod Kengashi" (Council of the young generation) met with deputies of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis to present the results of their work in the development of local communities and decision-making.
The meeting was organized jointly with the Committee of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis on Science, Education, Culture and Sports the Children and Families Support Association and UNICEF as part of a national initiative to promote youth participation at the community level.
The initiative was launched last year by the Children and Families Support Association, in partnership with UNICEF. It was aimed at increasing the involvement of children in socially significant issues and to create opportunities for young people in resolving issues that affect their lives.
-"Teenagers were not only able to communicate with adults who make decisions, but also were able to become more aware of the issues that directly affect them, their coevals and the community. The level of their civic position has increased,"- says the chairman of the Children and Families Support Association Inqilob Yusupov.
This initiative brought together over 2,200 children and adolescents and helped them build a direct dialogue with adults, especially those who make decisions, and to create a reliable communication channel, which can be strengthened in the future. Girls accounted for 52 percent of the young people involved, which shows a positive gender balance.
As showed the presentations of teenagers in the Parliament, members of the younger generation have acquired sufficient knowledge and understanding of children's rights, especially the right for health, to live and develop in a family environment, and the inclusive rights of children with disabilities. Through situational analysis, they identified the key issues related to the implementation of these rights, and have found innovative solutions that have been implemented on the ground with the Kamolot and other youth organizations.
For example, the Youth Initiative has helped to improve the sanitary conditions in schools of Kashkadaria and Khorezm and Karakalpakstan, by increasing the number of washstands and through promotion of hand washing. In all regions, members of the younger generation mobilized their coevals to support children with disabilities and inspired them to participate in various extra-curricular activities.
"I realized that participation of children in society is important and that it contributes to our own growth, health and development. Also, I learned that working with adults, we can achieve great things"- said Gavhar Islomova from Karshi, Kashkadarya.
During a meeting with the leaders of the younger generation from all regions, the members of the Parliament welcomed their participation in local decision-making and assured that achievements and action plans presented by the children will be taken into account in their legislative work.
UNICEF based on the results of the initiative and with the support of the Children and Families Support Association will continue to work with children and young people to enhance their participation in issues that affect their lives.
DIALOGUE BETWEEN THE STATE AND SOCIETY SHOULD BE EFFECTIVE
The government continues with its extensive efforts to build a democratic constitutional state and open civil society, where the highest value is the human being, human freedoms and interests. The backbone idea of ‘Reforms are not for the sake of reforms, but for the people’ now consistently implemented in practice, sets the tone for the further modernization of the country.
Democratization of the state and public administration, liberalization of judicial legislation, reforms in all spheres are carried out in line with the law. Institutions of civil society undertake new and very responsible tasks and are increasingly taking part in the management of state affairs. It is important that the country has all conditions for that, particularly the law that enable civil institutions to act in the public construction as partners.
These issues were addressed at the international academic seminar on civil institutions and public examination regulations, held in Samarqand. The organizers of the seminar on the development of the most important key areas of improvement of legislation in this area were Independent Institute for Monitoring the Development of Civil Society, the Institute for Monitoring Current Legislation under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Ministry of Justice, the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis, with assistance from the OSCE Project Coordinator in Uzbekistan, the Friedrich Ebert Foundation and UNDP offices in Uzbekistan and other organizations. The dialogue was reinforced by the participation of representatives of UNESCO, the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, the National Democratic Institute (USA), experts from Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, South Korea, Russia, governmental and public organizations of Uzbekistan and the media.
Experts examined the basic principles, objectives, subjects, forms and mechanisms for public examination of bills on the example of international and national experience, discussed the role and practice of participation of civil society institutions in the conduct of public examination of laws.
Speaking of the theory of law, it is important to note that to date there is no unity on the concept of public examination. However, most of the participants believe that public examination is the activities of individuals and non-profit organizations aimed at study, analysis and evaluation of draft laws and bills for their conformity with the interests of the individual, society and the state. Experts believe public examination of draft legal acts facilitates a dialogue between society and government, helps avoid errors and achieve a decent compromise of interests and shared responsibility. The effectiveness of this mechanism depends on the openness of the power and development of the institutions of civil society. And this is largely dependent on the political activity of citizens, their contribution to the implementation of reforms in all spheres of society and the state. The active involvement of civil society in the reforms, lawmaking, public monitoring of the progress of democratic reforms, in turn, will enhance citizens’ interest in the results of reforms and strengthen the sense of involvement in the democratic transformations, their legal literacy, political culture, broaden their outlook and confidence in political institutions. International experts note the involvement of citizens in joint work with the state awakens a sense of responsibility for their own participation in these processes, understanding that people’s well-being and prosperity is the ultimate goal of all the reforms.
The participants noted that improvement of the legislative process and its democratization, ensuring its maximum openness and transparency, promoting active involvement of civil institutions in the public discussion of laws while their drafting and their execution plays an important role in shaping the legal framework of socio-economic and socio-political reforms and civil society. The seminar participants noted that this mechanism is currently being tested on a number of bills, namely the laws on public control, on environmental protection, on the parliamentary control and in the course of legal experiment on the draft law on the openness of government and public administration, and helps clearly and selectively promote and ensure human rights, freedoms and interests of citizens. Moreover, citizens can fully enjoy their constitutional rights to information about the documents, decisions and other materials of state bodies, public associations and officials relating to their rights and interests, and to participate in the management of the affairs of society and the state.
It should be emphasized that the process of democratization in Uzbekistan legislation is constantly being improved. The government has adopted and is implementing measures to improve the legislative, supervisory and analytical activities of the chambers of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the factions of political parties in parliament, parliamentary groups on the ground, the growing influence of political parties on the formation of organs of state power and administration, implementation of an effective parliamentary control over the execution of law by the bodies of executive power. A bigger role in improving the quality and effectiveness of legislation is played by the improvement of the electoral law that ensured the formation of multi-party system and the subsequent professional bicameral parliament, which allowed legislative processes to rise to a qualitatively new level.
Also noteworthy is the presence of a robust legal and institutional foundation for the engagement of civil society in all stages of the legislative process and a comprehensive survey of public opinion in decision-making that has an effect on the rights and interests of citizens. International experts highly assessed Uzbekistan’s own model of the legislative process, differentiation of lawmaking stages, the order of drafting laws and their submission in the lower house of parliament. Special appreciation were given to the introduction of assessment of legal, financial, scientific, technical, environmental impact of laws, definition of the need to study public opinion as an important stage of rulemaking.
The adoption of the Concept of intensifying democratic reforms and developing civil society in the country has given even greater democratization impetus to the system of legislation. The tasks set out in this policy document laid the foundation for greater involvement of civil society in the process of improving the legislative process through public discussion of legislative acts. Orders of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan have established a special commission for the development of more than forty bills and action plans. One of the main requirements, as named by the country’s leader, is mandatory public discussion of all bills. Another significant milestone was the adoption of the Law on Amendments and Additions to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the Regulations of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan. According to the new legal requirements, all bills will be studied simultaneously in a responsible committee and factions of political parties, which will expand the rights of factions at all stages of the legislative process, and at the stage of preliminary consideration of the bill to form a attitude on the basis of program objectives and defend their opinions on those or other provisions of the bill.
An essential step in the democratization of the legislation in Uzbekistan was holding of a unique legal experiment on testing the draft law on the openness of state power and governance. The experiment not only opened up new opportunities for a wider implementation of the constitutional rights of citizens to information, but also largely increased the responsibility of the bodies of state power for the quality of decision-making. The unique legal experiment includes all forms of social control over rulemaking process, existing in developed democracies: hearings and discussions with public participation, examination, social surveys.
At the same time, at the current stage of reform within the greater involvement of civil institutions in a democratic renewal of the country the state is working on the creation of legal acts regulating the issues of social control, citizen participation in the legislative process. Legal regulation in this area will determine the principles, mechanisms for public discussions, hearings, including public review, eliminate inconsistencies and legal uncertainties. To date, there are all prerequisites for studying the experience gained and defining public examination as a form of social control.
At the same time it is important to note that today NGOs, civil society institutions that are, in fact, constitute the institutional infrastructure of civil society, are already involved at all stages of the rulemaking: public representatives participate in working groups for the preparation of draft legal acts created by the ministries and parliament, and they can submit their remarks on the bills and other draft legal acts. In addition, they have the right to make proposals for the adoption of a draft law to the subjects of legislative initiative. Thus, the legally designed institution of public examination will give impetus to the formation of a new model of the legislative process – a model of citizens’ participation in making laws. Members of the Uzbek parliament note, as expressed at the international seminar, public examination on the major issues of state building, social policy, the strategy of development of legislation and other matters affecting the rights and legitimate interests of citizens should be comprehensive stage of rulemaking.
The implementation of these and other comprehensive measures can further enhance the activity of non-governmental organizations and other institutions of civil society, strengthen their cooperation with government agencies, establish a sound institutional and legal framework for effective public control in development and implementation of regulations. The constructive dialogue on the basic principles, objectives, subjects, forms and mechanisms of public examination of regulations, with consideration of international and national experience, went in an atmosphere of sincere involvement and a lively exchange of views.
(Source: “Uzbekistan Today” newspaper)
IN 2013, MAHALLAS IN UZBEKISTAN ORGANIZED ABOUT 46 THOUSAND EVENTS FOR YOUNG GENERATION
The National press center hosted a press conference on "Priorities for the material and moral support to families, the strengthening in the society of the best humanistic qualities, fencing of national values against the negative influences", organized by the Republican board of Charitable public Fund of Uzbekistan 'Mahalla'.
The event was attended by representatives of the Fund, representatives of partner organizations, employees of mahallas (assemblies of citizens) and journalists.
During the press conference it was noted that the country has paid special attention to the further strengthening of mahalla institute, strengthening of the status and role of mahalla in social support for families, especially young families, a broad establishment of generally accepted humanistic qualities.
In particular, during 2013, self-government bodies organized around 46,000 events designed to improve the legal, moral and ethical knowledge and information for parents on the education of the young generation. In addition, in the communities over 11,000 spiritual and educational activities were held on subjects such as "Family - a symbol of longevity," "Strong family - strong Mahalla" and "We are the children of people, who honor their great ancestors".
Also sporting events are being held such as the "Future of our football," "Palvans (wrestlers) of our mahalla," chess and checkers competitions, contests "Dad, Mom and I, we are a sports family" and competitions "Exemplary Family", " I learn the history of my mahalla”. These activities are aimed at strengthening families and adoption of a healthy lifestyle.
In addition, within the framework of the State program "Year of the well-being and prosperity" this year the Fund has allocated 218.6 million soums to provide talented students and students with disabilities enrolled in academic lyceums, colleges and universities of the country with modern computers.
It should be noted that due to the widely celebrated significant dates and holidays in our country over 7 thousands low-income families, lonely senior citizens, veterans of labor and World War II were presented with gifts and food worth over 650 million soums.
Also, in line with the State program, territorial divisions and offices of the Fund purchased the cattle that was given away to 606 low-income families. 467 young families in need of social support were assisted with wedding ceremonies. on the initiative of the Fund 1500 low-income families were able to visit theaters.
In addition, "Mahalla" Fund organizes trips for gifted children from low-income familiesto the historic cities of our country. Steps are being taken to provide material and moral support to Children’s homes, "Mehribonlik", "Muruvvat" and "Sahovat" in the regions.
At the press conference participants were informed about the work being carried out by the Fund in connection with the preparation of elections to self-government odies, which will be held in November-December this year.
At the end of the event, the speakers answered to the questions.