September 30, 2013

Politics and Foreign Policy:
President of Uzbekistan approved the agreement with Romania
Foreign Minister of Uzbekistan held a series of bilateral meetings within the UN General Assembly
Tokyo hosted Uzbek-Japanese political consultations at foreign ministries level
Economics:
UzFarmsanoat released preliminary results of its activities for nine months of 2013
Issues of improvement of legislation in the field of alternative energy sources were discussed in Tashkent
In Uzbekistan new technologies to maintain soil fertility are being introduced
ADB $220 Million Loan to Help Uzbekistan Reduce Poverty and Boost Agriculture
Society:
Ancient copper coins found in Uzbekistan
Art Week Style.Uz-2013
UzMedExpo-2013 to be held in Tashkent on 3-5 October

POLICY and FOREIGN POLICY

PRESIDENT OF UZBEKISTAN APPROVED THE AGREEMENT WITH ROMANIA

Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated 24 September 2013 approved the Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Government of Romania on economic, industrial and technical cooperation, signed on June 28, 2013 in Tashkent.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan was requested to send a note on the fulfillment by the Republic of Uzbekistan of internal procedures necessary for the entry into force of the treaty.

In addition, the Cabinet of Ministers and the heads of relevant ministries and departments, after the entry into force of the treaty, are charged to monitor the implementation of the obligations of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

(Source: Uzreport News agency)

FOREIGN MINISTER OF UZBEKISTAN HELD A SERIES OF BILATERAL MEETINGS WITHIN THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY

On 26-28 September 2013 the delegation of the Republic of Uzbekistan took part in the general debate of the 68th session of the UN General Assembly in New-York (USA).

As part of the session, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan Abdulaziz Kamilov held a bilateral meeting with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Bulgaria Kristian Vigenin, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan Rashid Meredov, U.S. Special Envoy for Afghanistan and Pakistan, James Dobbins, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Georgia Maia Pandzhikidze, assistant Secretary of State Robert Blake, first Deputy Minister of foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, the Minister of State for Religious Affairs and the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Baroness Sayeeda Warsi, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic Jan Kohout, Deputy Secretary-General for political Affairs Jeffrey Feltman.

The meetings focused on important aspects of bilateral relations, cooperation within the UN and its agencies. Sides also exchanged views on regional and international issues.

(Source: Uzreport News agency)

TOKYO HOSTED UZBEK-JAPANESE POLITICAL CONSULTATIONS AT FOREIGN MINISTRIES LEVEL

On September 26, 2013 in Tokyo was held next round of political consultations between the delegations of Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan and Japan.

During the meeting of the Uzbek delegation with the Special Representative for the Caucasus and Central Asia, Deputy Director General of the Bureau of European Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan Norio Maruyama were analyzed the current status and future directions of further development of bilateral relations in the political, trade, economic, cultural, humanitarian and other fields.

Special attention was paid to the course of the implementation of the agreements reached during the official visit of the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov to Japan in February 2011.

To date, a solid legal base has been established in Uzbek-Japanese relations, in the center of which a joint statement on friendship, strategic partnership and cooperation. Sides have gained considerable experience in mutually beneficial exchanges in all areas of cooperation, including between the state and public institutions, the business community, representatives of civil society.

XI joint session of the Uzbek-Japanese and Japanese-Uzbek committees on economic cooperation held on 5 March 2013 in Tashkent confirmed a significant business interest of both countries to strengthening bilateral trade and a high potential of investment cooperation. It was emphasized that the sides support the participation of leading Japanese companies in large joint high-tech projects in Uzbekistan, such as the introduction of co-generation gas turbine technology at the Tashkent thermal power station, modernization of Navoi thermal power plant and a number of others in the fields of electric power and transportation.

During the meeting were also discussed issues of expansion of contacts between schools, scientific and cultural institutions, tourist organizations of Uzbekistan and Japan.

During the consultations, the sides exchanged views on international and regional issues.

(Source: Uzreport News agency)

ECONOMY

UZFARMSANOAT RELEASED PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF ITS ACTIVITIES FOR NINE MONTHS OF 2013

State Concern UzFarmsanoat released preliminary results of its activities for the nine months of 2013.

Thus, according to the UzFarmSanoat, the volume of production for the first 9 months of 2013 reached 291.8 billion soums, which represents 124.1% compared to the last year. Including medicines for 219.3 billion soums (113.9%), health care products - 59.4 billion soums (183.0%), auxiliary materials - 10.9 billion soums (114.5%) and other products - 2.1 billion soums (109.7%).

Production of consumer goods is expected to be worth 290.8 billion soums, which represents 124.6% compared to the same period in 2012.

In real terms, the output is expected to total 48.9 million units.

The remains of the finished goods in warehouses were worth 44.6 billion soums.

According to the results of monitoring of the implementation of measures adopted for the first 9 months of 2013, reducing the production cost will be at 14.0% and $ 26.5 billion soums worth of savings are expected.

During the first 9 months of 2013 exports are expected to total $ 3.4 million, or 108.7% compared to the forecast.

In 2013, the Group’s enterprises plan to release of 32 titles of new medicines. During this period, 11 enterprises mastered the production of 42 drugs of 31 titles from 18 pharmacotherapeutic groups, including 11 types from the List of Basic medicines (LBM). Output of newly introduced products constitutes 2256.46 thousand units worth 8.1 billion soums.

(Source: UzA National News Agency)

ISSUES OF IMPROVEMENT OF LEGISLATION IN THE FIELD OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES WERE DISCUSSED IN TASHKENT

On September 27 in Tashkent was held a Round table on “The improvement of legislation in the field of alternative energy sources". Among the participants were members of the Legislative Chamber, officials of the Cabinet of Ministers, representatives of ministries and departments, scientists and specialists of the Academy of Sciences, teaching stafff, students of the Tashkent State Technical University, Tashkent Institute of Chemical Technology, heads of companies manufacturing alternative energy equipment, party activists and representatives of mass media.

The Round Table was opened by the Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis, head of faction of SDPU Adolat S. T. Tursunov.

During the event, it was mentioned that growing environmental problems in the planet are causing serious concern. The main cause of these problems is the excessive consumption of energy for economic growth. Harmful gases emitted by electric and thermal power plants that use organic forms of energy, as well as internal combustion engines are causing great damage to the environment. Sharp decline in stocks of natural resources such as oil, natural gas, coal and uranium raises questions about the future development of the energy sector as a whole.

In total energy consumption in Uzbekistan in the last decade, natural gas accounted for 84-87%, fuel oil - 8-11%, coal - 3.5-4.4%. According to the experts, these sources would be enough for several decades. In particular, the coal reserves for over 250 years.

Today, there is increasing interest in the use of alternative forms of energy. They are considered as environmentally friendly, because they simply do not pollute. In this regard, in Uzbekistan it would be appropriate to use small hydropower stations, solar and wind energy, biomass resources and geothermal energy.

Our country has favorable conditions for the use of alternative energies that reduce harmful emissions into the environment.

In the program of Adolat party, it is clearly defined: "The party will, among others, focus on issues of reducing consumption of energy, lowering production costs, development and implementation of mechanisms for sound management of non-traditional renewable energy sources. The party will also attach special attention to the organization of competitive energy market through integrated development of all types of available alternative sources of energy".

- “Adolat attaches special attention to the elaboration of the draft law "On Alternative Energy Sources", as energy saving was set as the most strategic tasks by the President of our country. It is crucial to stimulate the energy market through integrated development of all available alternative energy. Such problems can not be solved only through effective action by public authorities. It should also be part of non-governmental organizations, social movements, local authorities. Therefore, the party jointly with UzbekEnergo carried out systematic work on the formation among citizens careful attitude towards the energy resources, as well as the introduction in the daily life of systems using renewable energy sources” - told our correspondent the member of the SDPU Adolat Feruza Omonova.

Saving energy and the introduction of alternative energy has been set as a priority activity of Adolat in 2013. We add that at the beginning of this year, the party announced a Republican contest "The best advocate for alternative energy sources".

(Source: Uzreport News Agency)

IN UZBEKISTAN NEW TECHNOLOGIES TO MAINTAIN SOIL FERTILITY ARE BEING INTRODUCED

Investing in soil fertility and maintaining its health is quite a profitable business in our country. The practice of the Small Grants Program of the Global Environment Facility earnestly proves this.

Among technologies proposed to the farmers for this purpose is four-floor fodder rotation, the transition to which trebles the fodder amount from the same land as compared with the existing rotations. At the same time the fertility of the soil is restored. It is particularly important that its further degradation is stopped. Samarkand Agricultural Institute, in close cooperation with Payaryk district office of the Association of farmers and "Faizullaev Aziz A." farm initiated the introduction of advanced technology.

According the proposed technology, improvement in the quality of the soil will be ensured through: the use of soil protecting treatment, which will restore the microflora, and thus the fertility of the soil, mulching crop residues for returning organic matter into the soil. This will increase the amount of humus, useful microorganisms in the soil, and improve its structure. When using this technology, the soil will always be covered with grass. This will ensure its shading, less heat will penetrate and reduce the upward current of saline groundwater. The weakened heat and increase in downward current will allow irrigation water to wash away the salt deep down. This will facilitate the desalination of soil from harmful salts and thus reduce the consumption of water for irrigation. Laser land leveling will also help to prevent the accumulation of salts and conserve water.

Using in rotation of legume-cereal mixture, which are detailed, densely woven root system will accumulate in the plow layer of root residues. This will enrich the soil with organics. Also the root residues will create better conditions for the accumulation of moisture and accumulation of winter precipitation, which is a good protection from wind and water erosion. The accumulation of such residues will promote and improve the water-physical properties of the soil in the root zone, protect against excessive evaporation of moisture and salinity.

Legumes will increase the accumulation of atmospheric nitrogen by rhizobia, and this will help to improve soil fertility.

The proposed technology is important in terms of reducing greenhouse gas emissions from soil treatment. This technology due to its moisture preserving quality will help farmers better prepare for future climate aridity.

The Small Grants Program of the Global Environment Facility intends to promote the dissemination of advanced technologies across the territory of Uzbekistan.

According to this technology in the existing crop rotation (cotton or wheat) seeding legumes grass is envisaged, combined with the annual lucerne under the cover of winter wheat and intermediate legume- cereal mixture in the aisles when the crop rotation is not occupied by the main crop - cotton.

In the first case, a combined crop is the placement of different plant families in the same area where one culture, in our case - cover lucerne, covers the space between the main crop - winter wheat. Sowing time is the second half of February - beginning of March. During this period in the soil at a depth of 3-4 cm, fairly high humidity remains for long time, ensuring the normal germination of seeds. Seeding lucerne is to be conducted randomly by hand. This operation does not harm the crops of winter wheat, as special seeding is not carried out. At the same time, also under winter wheat fertilizers are sown by hand or machinery. This again does not harm the crops.

The proposed technology of combining crops improves soil fertility, increases productivity of irrigated land and, of course, increases the production of fodder. Using such innovation creates a continuous chain, in which the soil constantly improves its water-physical properties in the root zone. Thanks to the intermediate and combined cultures constant recharge of organics occurs.

Economic analysis has shown that the total yield of the new method is on average four times higher than the current practice.

In Karakalpakstan, with the support of the Small grants program to restore soil fertility has been successfully applied its zero treatment. It eliminates plowing and other operations that provides an improved crop rotation and leaving on the field for mulching all residues of planted crops. Sowing in such fields produced directly into the soil using a special sowing machine that is available in the world markets. Applying soil protection technology that is steadily increasing crop yields, farmers will be able to gradually withdraw from the rotation of the fields "cotton-wheat" and use the area just under the turnover of "wheat-repeat culture," while ensuring fulfillment of state order for cotton harvest.

The advantages of zero treatment: the soil remains compacted, maintains its structure and environment of microorganisms. Farmers with such technology triple the life of agricultural equipment, saves up to 70% of fuel and lubricants. Saving on labor cost, tractors and seed is 50%.

(Source: Uzreport News Agency)

ADB $220 MILLION LOAN TO HELP UZBEKISTAN REDUCE POVERTY AND BOOST AGRICULTURE

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) will help overhaul a 45-year-old, inefficient water supply system in Bukhara and Navoi provinces in Uzbekistan, that will secure reliable irrigation to 6,500 farms and provide drinking water access to 725,000 consumers.

More than 70% of the water supplied to farms will be used to enhance their further diversification from cotton into higher value crops, fruits, and vegetables.

“About half the country’s citizens live in rural areas where they depend on irrigated agriculture for their livelihoods” said Ojiro Makoto, a Director in ADB’s Central and West Asia Department. “Poor irrigation means lower crop outputs and less income, so systems that are modern, energy-efficient, climate-proofed, and well managed will go a long way in helping to reduce poverty in the country”.

ADB’s Board of Directors has approved a loan of $220 million to upgrade irrigation infrastructure across Bukhara and in two districts in Navoi. The Government of Uzbekistan has requested co-financing of up to $100 million from the Japan International Cooperation Agency.

ADB will help fund a new pump station and upgrade four existing ones. The measures will increase energy conservation and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The planned introduction of a wireless radio communication system along the main canal will help to further reduce wasteful water discharge. To help farmers deal with a changing climate, they would also be taught how to use drought resistant seeds and the latest techniques in growing fruits and vegetables in greenhouses.

The project is to be carried out over six years with an estimated completion date of February 2020.

(Source: UzA National News Agency)

SOCIETY

ANCIENT COPPER COINS FOUND IN UZBEKISTAN

Bukhara archeological expedition of the State Hermitage (Russia) discovered unique treasure in Paykend, ancient city in southern-western border of Bukhara oasis, about 60 km from Bukhara city, the press service of the museum said.

The city played an important role of transit point at crossroads from Khorezm, Samarkand and Nahshaba. One of important roads of Great Silk Road passed through this city – from Sogdiana to passes in Amudarya and further, and from Khorasan to Middle East.

A joint expedition of the State Hermitage and Institute of Archeology of Uzbekistan have been carrying out archeological research at the ancient city for over 30 years. During this time, the archeologists studied fortifications of the city: on the citadel they discovered Zoroastrian temple, barracks of the III-IV centuries, the medieval castle, remains of the mosque and the minaret of X century. In the urban part, in two Shahristans, the archeologists studied network of streets, residential areas, and a market complex. The archeologists are carrying out excavation works of two suburbs Paykend at the large area.

Unique treasure, which was found in 2013 season in resident area of Shahristan I, is currently under restoration and scientific processing stages. According to preliminary data, the treasure includes some 4,200 early Medieval copper coins.

The discovery was made in one of the houses, judging by its size, owned by a wealthy family of Paykend citizen. The treasure is unique in its capacity - a total of about 6 pounds of bronze. This is the first such finding both in the Bukhara oasis and whole Central Asia. It is also essential that the discovery was made in the course of scientific archaeological excavations, in a stratified context.

The treasure includes various types of coins, which were issued in Bukhara’s Sughd, as well as some imported: from Samarkand, Tashkent, Syrdarya, Khorezm and central regions of the Arab Caliphate. Apparently, the bag of coins was hidden near the middle of the VIII century, during the period of repeated revolts of the Sogdians against Arab rule in the region. It is worth to mention that the treasure does not have square coins with hole in the middle, which were spread in Sughd in the VII-VIII centuries and coins with Sogdian legend Patkand (ie Paikend).

From the relatively late hoard of coins - Arabic with the words "60 per dirham" on the obverse and "commonplace in all cases' on the reverse, there are older coins, for example, an anonymous Samarkand minted VI - the first half of VII century. From the relatively late of coins is an Arabic count with the words “60 per dirham” on the obverse and “commonplace in all cases” on the reverse. There are older coins, for example, an anonymous Samarkand minted coin of the sixth and the first half of the seventh century.

About 10% of treasure is common for Bukhara’s Sughd and Paykend, in particular, coins with image of camel. But about 90% of coins (over 3,500) are rare coins. There were nine samples of these coins so far, of which give were at Hermitage.

The obverse of these coins is in a pin rim and image of the king in a crown with the earrings. There are Sughd inscription and Bukharaian sign. On the reverse, there is image of horse in a pin rim.

Previously, these coins are supposed to be read as a Katvar - otherwise Gatifar – king of Ephtalites, who, according to the Persian epic Shakhname, was defeated by the troops of Turkic Kagan near Bukhara in the 560 years. The current treasure, of course, will force to review the date and issuer of this issue.

(Source: Uzdaily.com)

ART WEEK STYLE.UZ-2013

Third charity gala-dinner will be held on 23 October in Tashkent within the Art Week Style.uz-2013. All raised funds within the dinner will be directed to purchase medicaments for women with breast cancer and to finance annual campaign on conducting free diagnosis of women for breast cancer.

It is expected that some 500 people will participate traditional charity dinner, including foreign guests of the Art Week Style.uz-2013, representatives of diplomatic corps and international organizations, sponsors, representatives of culture and art of Uzbekistan, doctors, women with breast cancer and journalists.

This year, the charity dinner will be held with participation of Russian celebrity Nadejda Babkina. Last year, Aleksander Ivanov and Rondo band gave concert at the dinner. This year, it is also planned to hold a charity auction.

The charity dinner helps to raise funds to treatment and diagnosis of the breast cancer. The dinner helped to send several women with breast cancer to Israel and South Korea, where they received necessary treatment.

In 2008-2013, the cancer specialists examined over 29,000 women for breast cancer in Uzbekistan. Two women were treated in Israel and South Korea. Some 583 women received cancer medicaments for 1.133 billion soums.

(Source: UzDaily.com)

UZMEDEXPO-2013 TO BE HELD IN TASHKENT ON 3-5 OCTOBER

The sixth international specialized medical exhibition “UzMedExpo-2013” will be held at UzExpoCenter in Tashkent on 3-5 October 2013.

The exhibition is organized by international exhibition company IEG Uzbekistan.

The exhibition attended by 50 companies from Russia, Ukraine, Iran, Uzbekistan, India, China, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Italy, Germany, Pakistan and Switzerland.

The UzMedExpo will be divided into such divisions as Medical equipment, tools and diagnosis, Labarotary medicine, Stomatology, Pharmaceutical products and means, Beauty and Health.

(Source: UzDaily.com)