September 4, 2013
Politics and Foreign Policy:
Growth of Parliamentarianism: Expertise of Uzbekistan and America
My Love and Pride, the Native Uzbekistan!
15 new projects are included in Localization Program of Uzbekistan
Jizzakh Plastex officially launches in Jizzakh
New academic year kicks off in Uzbekistan
A Sacred Memory of Ancestors
Young People Taken Care about in the Young Country
POLICY and FOREIGN POLICY
GROWTH OF PARLIAMENTARIANISM: EXPERTISE OF UZBEKISTAN AND AMERICA
Both houses of the Oliy Majlis jointly with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan have organized an international academic and practical conference “Progress of Parliamentarianism: Expertise of Uzbekistan and the United States” in Samarkand.
Representatives of the US Congress, members of the Senate and Legislative Chamber of Uzbekistan’s Oliy Majlis, of the US Embassy in Uzbekistan, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the National Democratic Institute of the United States (NDI), as well as scholars and specialists from educational and research institutions and those of civil society took part in the conference.
The event participants exchanged expertise in the advancement of parliamentarianism in Uzbekistan and the United States, including in the establishment and exercise of parliamentary oversight of the execution of legislative acts by bodies of the executive branch of power, in parliament’s interaction with civil society institutions and mass media. They discussed prospects of the evolution of mutually advantageous bilateral inter-parliamentary ties.
The progress of parliamentarianism is instrumental in the formation and consolidation of democracy and constitutional state. An effectively working multiparty parliamentary system creates opportunities and conditions for citizens to take part in government and public governance and in addressing key challenges of socio-economic development.
In this regard, the conference contributors noted in particular that the wide-ranging democratic socio-political and socio-economic reforms being undertaken in Uzbekistan under the leadership of President Islam Karimov are consistent and interdependent in nature. The rule of law, the separation of power into branches and the limitation of their powers, the elevation of the role of civic institutions in the system of government have become the most vital principles of building a democratic constitutional state and a robust civil society in the country. For the independence years, a sustainable and dynamically evolving political system has been created along with a professional parliament, essential organizational-normative and economic-technical conditions for a free and active participation of citizens and political parties in tackling critical tasks in the socio-economic development and social construction.
It was stressed that the Concept of Intensification of Democratic Reforms and Formation of Civil Society in the Country has opened a new page in the development of Uzbekistan.
According to American Congressmen and experts, despite the rather brief historical period of independent development, Uzbekistan has garnered a remarkable experience of effective parliamentarianism facilitating the enhancement of democratic processes, securing human rights and freedoms, the smoothness of the work of the entire government mechanism. The outcomes of reforms marshaled in Uzbekistan on this front could serve as a good reference point for many other nations.
“We are well aware of the transformations underway in Uzbekistan to engender a democratic constitutional state and civil society,” Eni Faleomavaega, member of the House of Representatives of the US Congress, said. “That the leadership and people of Uzbekistan opted for such a democratic system that meets the conditions and challenges of its development is an appropriate path. President Islam Karimov’s initiative to reinforce the parliamentary oversight of the government deserves comprehensive support. Such a system does also exist in the United States. Uzbekistan is a country that has an important role not only in the Central Asian region, but also in the world in general. Thus, the international community should be more extensively informed on the stance of Uzbekistan as well as the steadfast reforms in progress across the country, including in the advancement of parliamentarianism.”
In their reports, senators and deputies of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan as well as the US Congressmen pointed out in particular that a constructive interaction between the parliaments of our two nations has been established and expanding. The growing intensity of inter-parliamentary contacts generates a good opportunity for the exchange of expertise in the parliamentary activity.
“The immense constructive efforts across all the areas are indicative of the peace and wellbeing in Uzbekistan,” said James Moran, member of the House of Representatives of the US Congress. “I believe it would be useful for the lawmakers of our two countries to study each others’ experiences. Notably, we attach a considerable significance in the Congress to the cooperation with civil society institutions.”
During deliberations, the conference participants noted that uplifting the role of legislatures in both countries is a crucial priority in nation building. At the same time, the rise in the political activity of the population is one of the most critical factors in the public development.
In the evolution of parliamentarianism in Uzbekistan, as the event contributors suggested, it is important to study and use the experience of foreign nations with advanced democratic institutions.
The reports of American Congressmen and specialists on the United States expertise in parliamentarianism, legislative activities and parliamentary control, the cooperation of the US Congress with civil society institutions in issues pertaining to environmental protection, drew a remarkable interest of the forum participants. Fruitful has been the exchange of experience in the elevation of the role of political parties in the democratic renewal of government and modernization of the country, the importance of mass media in ensuring a due public scrutiny over the execution of laws and the activities of government bodies.
Proceeding from the expertise of the two nations, the conference participants formulated principal dimensions of inter-parliamentary interaction. The expansion of mutual study of experience in lawmaking and legislature activities, exchange of analytical materials and information, the conduct of joint training seminars and panel discussions aimed at uplifting the effectiveness of parliamentary activity also were acknowledged necessary.
(Source: UzA – Uzbekistan national news agency)
MY LOVE AND PRIDE, THE NATIVE UZBEKISTAN!
The Alisher Navoi National Park of Uzbekistan has hosted festive events in tribute to the 22nd anniversary of Uzbekistan’s state independence.
Independence does not come down from the skies as a gift. It can only be achieved. For our people, the Day of Independence, won over during scores of tests and difficulties, a foundation of the current happy days and the bright future – is the greatest and dearest holiday. And our nation celebrates this date with enormous inspiration and joy.
Today, across the entire country we widely celebrate the 22nd anniversary of our land’s independence.
August 31, 2013. The Alisher Navoi National Park of Uzbekistan, squares, streets and buildings adjacent to it are in festive outfit. The spectacular dusk that brightens the clear sky with its tender light and the multicolor flags have changed everything around. People are in hurry to the square that glitters with brilliant fires.
The occasion has gathered members of the Senate and deputies of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis, members of government, Heroes of Uzbekistan, figures of science and culture, literature and arts, avant-gardes of industrial production, entrepreneurs, chiefs of embassies and international organizations accredited in our country.
At 7 pm, the people assembled here for the festive event welcome the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov with a storm of applause.
Music signs herald the start of festivities.
The floor is given to President Islam Karimov.
The head of our state congratulated the entire people of Uzbekistan on the twenty second anniversary of the independence of our nation.
Following the sounds of the State Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the imposing monitors installed at the square display historic video shots depicting the President of the country address a speech from the rostrum of the parliament on 31 August 1991 and proclaim Uzbekistan an independent nation.
Thanks to these really great words, an ages-old dream of our people came true, and our nation attained its rights and worthwhile respect.
This year, our greatest and dearest holiday is marked across the entire country under a motto “My Love and Pride, the Native Uzbekistan!” It epitomizes the most sacred feelings of all our compatriots coming from the bottom of heart and their boundless devotion to the independent Motherland.
The wellbeing and the quality of life of our people have been rising during the independence years. This is brightly manifest in the dynamic growth in population incomes, in the wide-scale housing construction works, in the provision of the domestic market with quality consumer goods, in the advancement of social infrastructure. Currently, 97 percent of families across the nation possess their own home, while every third family has a private car. 90 percent of the population is provided with principal goods of long-term use.
In a range of indicators social welfare, including life expectancy, peace and harmony in families, the low unemployment rates, Uzbekistan is ranked sufficiently high, causing admiration of many countries of the world.
…The stage welcomes children who perform songs and dances, filling everybody’s soul with joy from their blissful laughs.
During independence years, nurturing an extensively advanced younger generation has become the most vital priority of state policy. In the course of the execution of the National Program for Training Specialists elaborated under the leadership of President Islam Karimov, a unique mechanism of ensuring uninterrupted education has been created in Uzbekistan.
Professional colleges and academic lyceums have been erected throughout the country, including remote areas. New universities, institutes and academies have been founded with the establishment of training specialists in all professions in demand.
As a result, the demand for highly qualified cadres is being met in all spheres. Today, a physically robust and spiritually mature younger generation with firm beliefs, modern knowledge and vocations, perfect foreign languages is being fostered at all levels of education: secondary general, secondary special and higher education.
The Uzbek youths have been proving at the most prominent international competitions across a diversity of areas of knowledge and creativity that they are inferior to no one in any thing. Notably, a team of schoolchildren from Uzbekistan came first at this year’s 47th International Mendeleev Olympiad in chemistry.
The wide-ranging measures taken as part of the concept “Healthy Mother – Healthy Child” put forward by the head of our state have been serving as an important factor in boosting the reproductive health of the population and the formation of a sound family. Highly qualified medical aid is provided to mothers and children in the modern screening centers created across the country, the Republican Specialized Applied Scientific Medical Center of Pediatrics and the Center of Reproductive Health, in their regional branches.
Special significance is attached in our country to the promotion of sports as an integral part of nurturing a younger generation as comprehensively advanced personalities, of fixing healthy lifestyle in the society. The activities of the Fund for the Development of Children’s Sports of Uzbekistan created at the initiative of the President of our nation has acquired a nationwide nature and facilitates both physical and spiritual advancement of youths.
In the independence years, wide-ranging integrated reforms have been marshaled steadily in the country to build a constitutional democratic state and strong civil society. The Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan stipulates that the human being, his/her life, freedom, honor, dignity and other inalienable rights are the highest value. We can see the realization of these fundamental norms in the fulfillment of hopes and aspirations of every person, every family, in the enhancing world outlook of people, their attitude to life and work.
Today, Uzbekistan maintains diplomatic relations with more than 130 nations of the world. Embassies of 45 countries, representative offices of some 20 international organizations and financial institutions operate in Tashkent. 46 diplomatic missions and consular sections of Uzbekistan are open in foreign countries and at international organizations. Our country is member of leading international and regional institutions like the United Nations, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Islamic Cooperation Organization.
Uzbekistan is an active participant of international relations, and has earned respect of the international community with its reasonable and gracious initiatives. Owing to the effective endeavors undertaken to reinforce peace and stability across the globe, promote humanitarian and cultural cooperation, prevent environmental problems, our nation enjoys remarkable standing at the international political arena.
… Under the sounds of military orchestra, the square welcomes the representatives of the armed forces of our country – a reliable shield of our free land…
At the initiative of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces Islam Karimov, modern armed forces have been formed who are the underwriter of our peaceful and harmonious life.
Peace is the most critical factor of progress and prosperity. Thanks to the provision for peace and stability, tremendous successes have been observed in all walks of life in Uzbekistan. As a result of the consistent realization of the Uzbek Model of development, worked out by the President of the country, the national economy has grown more than 3.5 times.
The achievement of such considerable outcomes has been well served by the favorable conditions created in the country for the promotion of small business and private entrepreneurship and the provision of privileges and preferences for entities of this sector.
Small business and private entrepreneurship are becoming a decisive force in providing the population with quality goods, in enhancing the share of produce with higher added value in the exports, in offering modern services, creating new jobs, including for the youths, and hence in raising the incomes and wellbeing of the population. The sector’s share amounts to 54 percent of the GDP, 22 percent of the manufactured goods in the country and 98 percent of agricultural produce.
This was stressed also at the international conference “On the Role and Significance of Small Business and Private Entrepreneurship in the Socio-Economic Policy in Uzbekistan” organized 14 September 2012 in Tashkent.
As a consequence of the introduction of new forms of ownership in agriculture, provision of extensive opportunities for the development of farmer movement, and crucially, the transformation of attitude of our citizens toward labor, Uzbekistan secured grain independence within a short period of time.
In the current season, the farmers of the country harvested more than 7 million and 610 thousand tons of grain. In comparison to the indicators of the 1990s, the productivity has increased more than threefold, while the volume of harvested yield has grown sevenfold. Uzbekistan, prior to state sovereignty, used to be dependent on others in providing for grain and flour; now it not only satisfies the internal demand, but also exports grain to other countries.
New gardens, vineyards, the development of such sectors as livestock husbandry, poultry farming, and fisheries have been ensuring abundance in our markets and homes. Volumes of nurtured vegetables, potatoes, melons, fruits, grapes have been steadily growing, as has reprocessing of fruits and vegetables.
… Melodies, pearls of the Uzbek classical music art, are aired at the festive stage…
As the head of our state notes, self-consciousness begins with the knowledge of history. A nation that has a history, traditions and values and who values them, draws virtue and power from its deep roots, develops and perfects itself.
The independence years have become a period of spiritual revival for our Motherland. Created by our ancestors, the rich spiritual and cultural heritage has been carefully revitalized. Under the initiative of the head of our state, jubilees of our great forefathers like Amir Temur, Mirzo Ulughbek, Jaloliddin Manguberdi, Alisher Navoi were widely marked. The names of outstanding scholars and thinkers – Imam Bukhari, Abdukholik Gijduvoni, Bahouddin Nakshband, Imam Termizi, Imam Moturidi, Ahmad Fargoni, Burkhoniddin Marginoni – have been eternalized and their graveyards have been reconstructed.
It has become a tradition to celebrate at international scale, and surely in our country, the jubilees of our ancient and eternally young cities, the histories of which go beyond millennia, of Samarkand, Khiva, Bukhara, Shahrisabz, Karshi, Termez, Tashkent, Marghilan. By marking these marvelous dates, we have even more thoroughly enquired into our history, deeper studied the roots of urban planning art and the culture of our people. Our hearts are overfilled with a sense of infinite pride for our being the posterity of such great ancestors. The celebrations of the 2,700th anniversary of Avesto, the 1,000th anniversary of Alpomish, the 1,000th anniversary of Khorezm’s Mamun Academy, the treasures of the cultural-spiritual values of our people – have been splendid events.
The Sharq Taronalari International Music Festival and the Asrlar Sadosi Traditional Festival of Culture serve for an extensive promotion of our rich spiritual legacy, for the support for creative intellectuals who have been active in a diversity of arts.
The Style.uz Art Week has also become a distinct festival of culture and arts. Our achievements in music, film art, theater, photography, visual arts, design, fashion, architecture and other spheres are demonstrated at major events held as part of this festival, such as the Golden Guepard Tashkent International Film Festival, the Theatre.UZ International Theater Festival, the Tashkent International Photo Biennale.
The year 2013 was announced in Uzbekistan as the one of Wellbeing and Prosperity under proposal of the President of our country.
A complex of modern multistoried apartment blocks at Navoi Street was commissioned in Tashkent. It has added up to the magnificent architectural ensemble of the city and is harmonious with other buildings. The steadfast works directed at consistent development of the capital city on principles of modern urban planning has been yielding considerable effects: Tashkent is now ranked among the most environmentally clean and beautiful cities of the world. According to the rating announced in 2012 by the prominent Britain-based Economist Intelligence Unit, Tashkent is among the cities most comfortable to live in.
As a result of permanent attention paid in the country to the integrated socio-economic development of provinces, the revitalization of rural areas on standard design, the improvement of living conditions of the population, the distinction between urban and rural areas has been decreasing.
That was specially underscored at the international conference “Modern Housing Construction as a Locomotive of Integrated Development and Transformation of Rural Areas, of Improvement of Life Standards of the Population” organized in Tashkent on April 17 of the current year.
23.6 thousand modern residential houses were built during 2009-2012 in the Republic of Karakalpakstan and regions of the country, along with an infrastructure corresponding to the new residential quarters.
As part of the State Program “The Year of Wellbeing and Prosperity”, 10 thousand individual modern homes are to be built. Hundreds of our compatriots celebrated house-warming parties in such modern homes on the eve of the Independence Day.
Creation of such opportunities serves for the further improvement of living conditions of families, primarily the household of women – guardians of family hearth. This allows them, along with household issues, to realize their aspirations and potential, foster children as healthy and extensively advanced personalities.
At present, women, themselves amounting to nearly 50 percent of the workforce across economic and social sectors, have been making a worthwhile input into the development of the country.
“We are a happy generation, live in so great a historic epoch,” said Mufassalkhon Pulatova, participant of festive events, student of Tashkent Pediatrics Medical Institute. “We live in an independent nation that our ancestors had dreamt of. Every year of independence is packed with huge transformations, historic events. Such remarkable achievements being made under the leadership of the head of our state have been finding bright reflection also in festive occasions, on the merry faces of our compatriots.”
“I am glad to take part in these festivities for the second time, the events to celebrate the independence of Uzbekistan,” shares Zhang Xiao, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the People’s Republic of China in our country. “The elated mood at these festivities, the joy and happiness on the faces of people is a manifestation of peace and abundance, calmness and prosperity in Uzbekistan. This country has been advancing dynamically and extensively under the leadership of President Islam Karimov. This can be seen also on the example of cooperation between our two nations enhancing from one year to another, whereby bilateral relations are uplifted to the level of strategic partnership. I am convinced that these relations will keep developing. I will take this opportunity to cordially congratulate the people of Uzbekistan on the independence and wish happiness and every success!”
… The joyous mood of the festive occasion rises. The songs and dances epitomize the inspiration of life, the tremendous creative potential of the younger generation, the boundless happiness from the thought of being born and raised in this sacred and blessed land…
The melodies sounding at the square glorify our independence, our peaceful and harmonious life. Songs venerating love and devotion to the free and prosperous Motherland and the unity of our people are superseded by stirring dances.
Ages will pass and new generations will come. Yet the day when Uzbekistan attained independence is going to be written down for ever with golden letters into the annals of the history of our Motherland, an independence that has helped realized the centuries-old dreams and aspirations of our great forefathers, of our wise and hard-working people, which has become a foundation for building a free and prosperous country, which has opened infinite opportunities and prospects for us.
Colorful festive fireworks bloom in the sky, and hearts get overfilled with a sense of pride and excitement. Sincere words are uttered from the bottom of the heart:
Happy Independence, the great and sacred Motherland!
May your independence be eternal, my Uzbekistan!
(Source: Press Service of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
15 NEW PROJECTS ARE INCLUDED IN LOCALIZATION PROGRAM OF UZBEKISTAN
On August 28, 2013 the Cabinet of Ministers adopted a Resolution "On the adjustments to the Program of localization of manufacture of integrated products, components and materials based on industrial cooperation for 2013".
This document was adopted in order to further stimulate the manufacture of export-oriented and import-substituting products, enhance intra-and inter-industrial cooperation, including between small businesses and large enterprises.
According to the Resolution, the Program includes 15 new projects of eleven companies.
In addition, in the Resolution excludes 2 companies from the localization program.
The Resolution establishes that the organizations included in the localization program shall enjoy benefits provided in Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated 27 January 2009 ? of PP-1048, including:
- on customs duties - from the date of adoption of this resolution;
- tax - from 1 September 2013.
In the paragraph 3 of the Decree of the President of ? PP-1048 are exempt from:
- Customs duties (excluding charges for customs clearance) - imported technological equipment and spare parts to it, as well as components that are not produced in the country, used in the manufacturing process for the production of localized products;
- Income tax, single tax payment (for entities applying the simplified system of taxation) - products manufactured by localization projects;
- Property tax - basic production assets used to manufacture of localized products.
(Source: “Uzreport” Agency)
JIZZAKH PLASTEX OFFICIALLY LAUNCHES IN JIZZAKH
An official opening ceremony of the Uzbek-German joint venture Jizzakh Plastex with total cost of US$47 million has been held in Jizzakh, the press service of Jizzakh city administration said.
The enterprise can process 12,000 tonnes of cotton-fibre and produce 10,000 tonnes of yarn, as well as 12.5 million ready knitted garments a year.
The first phase of the project was financed due to loans for US$21 million and foreign investments for 2013. The enterprise was founded at the capacities of former hosiery plant and it was equipped with European techno lies.
According to official data, Jizzakh region can process only 9% of cotton, produced in the region. In 2014-2016, the region plans to implement several projects in light industry, which will help to increase cotton processing level up to 68.5%. This will help to increase income of the region by 10-12 times from cotton sales.
Jizzakh is planning to implement 155 projects for US$26 million in 2013. The projects are implemented in such areas as light industry, production of construction materials, chemical industry, furniture and paper production, machinery, electronics, etc.
In 2013-2015, it is planned to commission 243 industrial enterprises with total cost of US$340 in Jizzakh.
NEW ACADEMIC YEAR KICKS OFF IN UZBEKISTAN
A solemn events dedicated to start of new academic year have been held in all schools of Uzbekistan on 2 September 2013.
In new academic year, some 529,000 children were accepted to the first classes. Today, during Independence Year, all of them received the gifts of the President, which included 12 types of school supplies, school bags and set of manuals.
A huge works on strengthening material-technical base of schools were conducted in all regions as part of preparation to new academic year. In particular, some 219 general schools were reconstructed and 162 were fully repaired.
Both urban and rural educational institutions were equipped with modern educational equipment, including computer classes. The schools received 394 types of educational books and manuals with total copies of 22.5 million units.
A SACRED MEMORY OF ANCESTORS
Extensive endeavors have been directed under the leadership of President Islam Karimov at reviving the names of ancestors who sacrificed their lives for the freedom of our Motherland. The memory of them has been eternalized. The building of Shahidlar Khotirasi Memorial Complex in the capital Tashkent and the announcement of August 31 as the Day of Tribute to Repression Victims reflect the expression of deep respect and reverence toward the memories of true sons of our people.
As the tradition goes, the Shahidlar Khotirasi Memorial Complex hosted events in the early hours of 31 August in homage to the memories of our compatriots who fell for the freedom and independence of our native land. President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov took part in these events.
Visiting these kinds of sacrosanct sites, remembering our compatriots who sacrificed their lives for the liberty of the people, we understand the price of the tests and heavy losses paid for the achievement of independence of our land and the current peaceful and prosperous life in the country. In these moments, we even deeper understand the greatest significance of the independence we attained, an accomplishment our forefathers had dreamt of for centuries.
During a meeting with religious figures and representatives of the public, the head of our state offered his opinion of the socio-political processes underway currently in the country and the world, and outlined important objectives we should address in regard with these circumstances.
We all are well aware of the immense works undertaken during independence years to revitalize our national values and distinctive identity. However, the swiftly changing life, the challenges and requirements of the time have been tasking us with the mounting number of new assignments. Issues relating to nurturing a younger generation in the spirit of adherence to national and universal values, hindering it from destructive ideas alien to our mentality have been growing in urgency, Islam Karimov noted.
We should never forget that the key goal pursued by those who further their selfish interests and push forward such vicious ideas is to turn young people who still lack a sufficient life experience and a firm socio-political stance from the rightful path and use them to materialize their disparaging intentions, the head of our state pointed out.
Later that day, President Islam Karimov traveled to the Mustaqillik Square and laid wreath to the monument of Independence and Humanism, a symbol of our freedom, bright future and noble aspirations.
Headdresses to the monument were laid also on behalf of both houses of the Oliy Majlis, the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as ministries and other government agencies and the general public of the country.
(Source: Press Service of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
YOUNG PEOPLE TAKEN CARE ABOUT IN THE YOUNG COUNTRY
The future is in the hands of the new generation
Today’s youth makes up more than 60% of the population in Uzbekistan. Perhaps, that is why it is so obvious that all state and social reformations prioritize nurturing of comprehensively advanced generation of young people, who are polymathic and proficient, who can think independently, and in a new way. Reforms in all spheres of society open up new prospects for young people to express themselves freely, participate in economic activities, and fulfill themselves in entrepreneurship.
There are socio-economic and legal conditions and guarantees for young people to grow socially and develop, fulfill their potential for the benefit of the whole society. A clear social orientation is a distinguishing feature of the youth policy pursued in the country. The youth policy is grounded on the Constitution, 22 laws and regulatory acts that regulate social, economic and other relations that touch upon the interests of young people. The Law ‘On state youth policy in the Republic of Uzbekistan’ of November, 1991 is a legislative flagship in this direction.
The state policy on support of the younger generation is highly appreciated abroad. Uzbek national models of protection of health, continuing education and upbringing of comprehensively advanced younger generation is recognized throughout the world.
Education system undergoes reformation. Over the years of independence the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan ‘On Education’ was adopted, as well as the National Staff Training Program, which is unique in its core. The acts have built a single continuous twelve-year free education system. It implies a nine-year study at school and three years of high school or vocational college. Great efforts are aimed at equipping all levels of education with modern facilities. The quality of education is ensured by the development of staff training system on the principle of ‘from school to enterprise’. The system implies that a graduating student is provided with a place for practical training at an enterprise with the possibility of further employment.
At this stage, much attention is paid to the study of foreign languages. The Resolution ‘On the measures for further improvement of learning of foreign languages’, as signed by the president last December, provided the opportunity to learn English from the first grade. It is expected that the radical improvement of the system of learning of foreign languages for the younger generation would provide the professionals who freely apply the achievements of world civilization and global information resources. Incidentally, certain subjects at the universities, especially those pertaining to technical and international specialties, will be taught in foreign languages in upcoming academic year.
To date, advanced educational technologies and interactive teaching methods are used at all levels of education. Istedod Foundation carries out great work of advancing the skills of promising young teachers and research staff. Its activities are focused on the further development of the education system in the country, the widespread introduction of modern information technologies in the teaching and learning process, enhancement of professional knowledge and skills of young teachers and researchers. Dozens of special programs of full-time and distance learning have been developed for workers of institutions of higher, special secondary and vocational education, and schools. There is the Distance Learning Center that runs the remote training system meeting international standards. The work is carried out in collaboration with leading universities of Uzbekistan and other countries.
It is obvious that the growing country’s authority and its competitiveness on the global stage largely depend on the development of intellectual and creative capacity of young people. Therefore, special attention is given to revealing and encouraging talented young people. The head of the state initiated instituting of Zulfiya State Award, which honors the top representatives of youth, who achieve success in study, work and social life. Young dancers, musicians and singers are awarded the Nihol Prize for their achievements in the arts.
Youth organizations in Uzbekistan promote implementation of huge intellectual and creative potential of the younger generation. Nongovernmental non-profit organizations make a great contribution to the development of young people, through bringing millions of young people together. NGOs are actively involved in the process of building a democratic state and civil society, work in spiritual, educational, social and economic spheres, offer projects to support talented young people, develop sports and physical activity, and promote healthy lifestyle. Many targeted state programs are successfully underway. The high performance of this work is provided by expanding social partnership between state authorities and administration and social structures, including the Youth’s Public Movement Kamolot, which unites 5.5 million young men and women, the Mahalla Republican Charitable Fund, and others.
National creativity contests under the auspices of the Forum of Culture and Arts of Uzbekistan Foundation open up hundreds of talents. The Foundation provides support to young talents, gifted young people and creative dynasties. Since its foundation in 2004 the Foundation has been running a range of projects for young people: the Bolajonlar-Shirintoylar Festival, where young designers can display their talents, the Republican Children’s Art Festival Yangi Avlod, which is held annually with the support of the children’s organization Kamalak, republican youth contest Kelajak Ovozi, which has been held in four directions since 2009. By the way, in 2013 the number of participants of Kelajak Ovozi has reached 84,000, which was a record number for competitions in Uzbekistan.
Involvement of talented young people in science is an important area of youth policy in Uzbekistan. The most talented students able to express themselves in study and community activities are awarded the State Grant of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The annual Republican Fair of Innovative Ideas, Technologies and Projects is another striking example. It has been held annually since 2008 at the initiative of the state’s leader, offering many promising innovations by young scientists and students.
Uzbekistan assigns a big part to employing graduates of vocational colleges and academic lyceums. The staff is specially trained for certain industries and sectors through tripartite agreements between education institutions, enterprises, and students themselves. The system has proved its value and presently yields good outcomes.
Thousands of new jobs open up each year. Small business and private entrepreneurship is developing at priority rates with increasing involvement of the youth. As of the beginning of 2013, as part of promotion of youth business initiatives commercial banks have issued 690 certificates to business entities for preferential loans in the amount of 66.4 billion soums (Currency rates of CB from 04.09.2013 1$=2129.72soums). It is worth noting that 9.2 billion of them were used to fund business ideas of 419 graduates of educational institutions.
The government cares about the health of the younger generation. Along with the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan this work involves many state and public organizations like YPM Kamolot, Women’s Committee, trade unions, self-government bodies. The meetings on raising young people’s awareness on healthy lifestyles are regularly held with participation of health workers. Along with that, the work is underway on the reconstruction and equipping of the Republican Specialized Research Center of Pediatrics, Hospital of Tashkent Pediatric Medical Institute, and regional diversified children’s health centers in order to ensure that the younger generation is growing physically fit and healthy. The program aimed at early detection and prevention of birth of children with developmental disabilities is carried out through building a network of screening centers across the country. There are the programs on promotion of breastfeeding and free vaccination of children under the National Immunization Calendar. It is also noteworthy that the Uzbek model of reproductive health was assessed by the UN as the best regional program for Eastern Europe, the Baltic States and the CIS.
The young country cares about its young people, and this concern yields its fruits. Today, we can proudly talk about our athletes and junior national teams who proudly raise the flag of Uzbekistan on world stages, about the young doctors who already save lives at their 30, about scientists who open up new horizons in science ... This all is the result of tremendous work on building the country’s future.
(Source: “Uzbekistan Today” Newspaper)